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南京市市场监管局开展居民家装室内空气质量免费检测活动

2019-07-24 点击:1002

“我的家居装修已经完成了很长时间。我从来不敢为了宝宝的健康而留下来。恐怕还有甲醛残留。南京市市场监督局开展的无空气质量检测服务确实帮了我很多。非常感谢你!

7月5日上午,南京市市委书记张女士来到南京市市场监督局南京市产品质量监督检验所检查员。

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检查员放置了专业的空气采样检测仪器,并详细回答了张女士的问题:室内空气检测是基于GB/T 18883-2002《室内空气质量标准》,环境中的主要污染物,甲醛,苯,TVOC检测,这些世界卫生组织确定的三种污染物是强致癌物质,是许多疾病的原因。

甲醛广泛用于生产脲醛树脂和酚醛树脂。这些树脂广泛用作各种板材和家具中各种材料的原料,特别是用于生产各种人造板。这些树脂的稳定性差,可以使用。这个过程将长时间缓慢释放。除了板材外,装饰材料如油漆和涂料也含有甲醛。此外,还有许多纺织品,包括床上用品,壁纸,墙纸和地毯。在生产中,还使用含甲醛的添加剂。

苯的来源主要是建筑装饰中使用的大量化学原料,如涂料,木器漆,填料,粘合剂,以及烟草燃烧烟雾,染料,地毯清洁剂等。

TVOC,也称为总挥发性有机化合物,是室内各种挥发性有机化合物的总称。室内TVOC的主要来源包括:各种装饰材料,如油漆,粘合剂,人造板和日常办公用品中的人造材料。材料等如果TVOC超标,可能会出现头晕和头痛等症状,严重时可能会损坏肝脏和造血系统。

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The Nanjing City Market Supervision Bureau's home improvement indoor air quality testing service began in 2008. In recent years, people have been paying more and more attention to the indoor air quality after renovation. The Nanjing Municipal Market Supervision Bureau has started the WeChat public account every year since 2017. Carry out free testing services for indoor air quality in residential homes, and publish test results and consumer guidance to the public, enhance citizens' understanding of the quality of home decoration environment, and provide reference for citizens to improve indoor air quality, decoration materials procurement, and furniture type selection. Up to now, the service activities in 2019 have been tested free of charge for two batches of 160 citizens.

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Quality inspection consumer advice:

1. Choose a regular brand product. It is recommended that when choosing decoration materials, try to choose a big brand, choose environmentally friendly materials as much as possible, pay attention to the logo on the product packaging, and make sure that the product name, product standard number, manufacturer name, origin, trademark, specification, Grades, pollutant emission limit labels, etc. do not purchase "three no" products, products should be carefully purchased for "full foreign language packaging", formal products should have Chinese logos and related instructions in accordance with domestic laws.

2. Take the initiative to request a qualified test report for the purchase of the product. It is recommended that consumers purchase the decoration and decoration materials, and take the initiative to ask the merchant for the qualified test report or certificate of conformity. It is necessary to fully consider the various factors such as the raw materials, production and transportation of the goods and the appropriate profit of the products. A very low price product.

xx3.合理选择装修公司和施工技术。在可能的情况下,选择具有环境标签的装饰公司,并在签订装修合同时指明室内环境要求,特别是对于有老年人,儿童和过敏体质的家庭。同时,在装修中,尽量采用标准和环保的装饰工艺,改进工艺和施工方法,减少污染物的释放。

4.选择正式的检验机构。深圳市质量与消费品研究所对在线室内空气污染物电子探测器/盒进行了对比试验。测试结果表明,没有测量认证的测试仪器精度差,可靠性低,测试结果可能会误导消费者。提醒消费者慎重购买。最好找到具有室内环境试验资格的试验。机构门检测。

5.加强室内通风。新装修的房屋不应立即搬入。装修完成后,必须使房屋保持良好的通风环境,等待污染物释放一段时间才能进入。

6.使用植物减少污染。市民可以使用天然植物,如青萝卜,丰富的竹子,葡萄柚皮,菠萝和茶,吸收室内空气污染物。这五种植物对甲醛的去除效果更好。其中,富贵竹对三种污染物具有较好的综合去除效果,但其持久性较差;绿萝卜具有良好的稳定性和持久性,可以去除甲醛。特别提醒,使用植物净化室内空气应定期旋转,以确保吸附净化效果的持续性。

7.促进适度的改造。不同的室内装饰材料,挥发的污染物是房间的叠加过程,因此复杂的装饰将导致污染物总量的增加。因此,建议简化家庭装修,满足生活需要。装饰效果过于复杂。

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